Algae technology has advanced remarkably in the last 30 years. Effective algae farming necessitate a more healthful environmental method than industrial agriculture. As an existing species, if one element alters in an algae network, the whole ecological domain transforms rapidly. Because algae produce quickly, the end product can be viewed in hours or days, unlike traditional agriculture which takes seasons or years.
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As a supplement, spirulina offers remarkable benefits for undernourished people, especially children, with a long historical record of safe use. Taking just one to three grams per day, its rich beta-carotene can overcome eye problems caused by Vitamin A deficiency. There is a growing body of research with undernourished people showing how spirulina restores beneficial intestinal flora and strengthens the immune system.
Because spirulina can be cultivated in outdoor ponds with relatively little upfront investment, many initiatives have established village production using appropriate technology and available resources.
Over the past 30 years, numerous projects have been growing spirulina as a local food in Africa, Asia and South America. Here are brief descriptions of two of the pioneering projects and a sample from the many projects in Africa and Asia today.
They sponsored projects in India, Peru and Africa. One experimental project was developed in a remote village in Northern Togo from One m2 pond could supplement the diet of children a day. Solar panels powered pond paddlewheels. Pond water was poured through a screen, becoming a paste, which was solar dried and distributed at the health clinic. Undernourished children took spirulina as a daily supplement.
One tablespoon a day mixed with water brought remarkable results. Modified versions were later adopted for projects in African countries, and small-scale cultivation inspired a generation of French NGO workers who began the microfarm movement in France beginning about Ripley D.
Fox Family scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu, India In Southern India, a government sponsored project provided small backyard basins to women for family nutrition with the goal to develop into local village networks to combat Vitamin A and general immune deficiency conditions. In the s, a joint effort by many government agencies covered all aspects of spirulina, from simple cultivation basins to large commercial farms.
The government sponsored large-scale nutrition studies with animals and humans and investigated therapeutic uses. Spirulina was given to children in extruded noodles, sweetened with sugar to preserve beta carotene. This project was sponsored by the Indian government and was lead by Dr. As a result of these early efforts, there are numerous village projects across India today. Antenna Technologies in Africa and Asia Antenna was established in Geneva, Switzerland, in by Denis von der Weid, promoting spirulina against malnutrition, with a mission to make algae more affordable.
Today Antenna Foundation antenna. Antenna France antennafrance. Antenna France has developed circular ponds to decrease costs. Production technology is simple, with pond stirring by wind or solar devices or by hand.
Spirulina is harvested by filtering through cloths and can be solar dried for preservation or the wet paste can be mixed directly into the staple diet. Over the past decade, many technical problems have been resolved and product quality, packaging and diversity have been improved. Challenges are to replace imported inputs with local products and use recycling systems for growth nutrients to reduce costs.
Establishing farms as businesses involves the engagement of local women, developing local distribution networks and educating people about nutritional benefits. The major challenge is to achieve financial sustainability. In Cambodia, farms near Angkor Wat and Phnom-Penh are run by local families growing mushrooms and vegetables.
In Mali, a farm is training students in spirulina and bee keeping. A nutrition house has been opened which will distribute spirulina to poor children. Antenna Nutritech Foundation in Madurai, India antennaindia. The first farm was launched in with one small basin at the fish farm campus. Technical support from Antenna Switzerland helped to enlarge the farm. To increase the number of people consuming spirulina, a marketing division developed new products.
Today Antenna Nutritech Foundation is integrated from production to final product and reaches consumers through a strong network of NGOs distributors. Green Tongue Candies were a finalist in the Algae Competition for food development.
Spirulina Tuttipakkam near Pondicherry was begun in as a collaboration between Volontariat of India volontariat-inde. The algae is grown in four tanks with an area of m2. Production is 25 to 30 kg per month and it has four basins in greenhouses. Half is distributed to humanitarian associations, half is sold for economic self-sufficiency.
Burkina Faso has at least nine spirulina farms today spirulineburkina. The three main objectives were 1 supply the diocese and other health centers in Burkina with spirulina against malnutrition, 2 sell a portion on the open market offering the public a food supplement at low cost, 3 create jobs at the farm. The farm at Le Petite Seminaire expanded in stages to m2 and has been self financing since Its chief objective remains giving the public access to spirulina at a minimum price and distributing the product among the most destitute.
It received Health Ministry approval in By , success of spirulina, measured by improvement in public health, led to increasing existing farms and setting up new ones with the assistance of non-governmental organizations to meet growing demand in Burkina and in the neighboring countries. This large farm oversupplied the local spirulina market, leading to export production, in particular, to France.
Most farms are members of a national spirulina association, using standardized packaging and discussing issues on a monthly basis. Next: Algaepreneurs and the microfarm movement in France Small appropriate technology village farms in the developing world have led to the emerging movement of commercial algae microfarms, growing food products for local markets.
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ALGAE MICROFARMS PDF
Yozilkree The good news is that small scale algae farming has been tested for 30 years…. Part 4 Over the past 30 years, many people have asked how they can grow algae themselves in their own back yard. One goal is to coordinate food standards with government agencies on regulatory issues as they arise. Oilgae Report Academic Edition — provides research insights on new methodologies, perspectives and experiments in algae biofuels; this report is customized for academic and industry researchers, and students.
Algae Microfarms Are Turning a Profit Quicker Than Expected
As a supplement, spirulina offers remarkable benefits for undernourished people, especially children, with a long historical record of safe use. Taking just one to three grams per day, its rich beta-carotene can overcome eye problems caused by Vitamin A deficiency. There is a growing body of research with undernourished people showing how spirulina restores beneficial intestinal flora and strengthens the immune system. Because spirulina can be cultivated in outdoor ponds with relatively little upfront investment, many initiatives have established village production using appropriate technology and available resources.
Small Farms in the Developing World
Mekinos The Future of Algae. Each year, local demand for Spiruline La Capitelle spirulinelacapitelle. Harvested from Klamath Lake in Oregon, it is sold a food supplement. Eco-Domaine Ferme de Bouquetot ecopya. More companies like these will provide the algae automation systems of the future. October 30, AlgaeIndustryMagazine.
Why algae microfarms are emerging today
Sapphire Energy has announced the first phase of their commercial demonstration algae-to-energy facility is operational in Columbus, New Mexico. This design is a living building with algaculture, hydroponics, aquaculture, aeroponics, aquaponics and farming. October 30, AlgaeIndustryMagazine. In France there are over algae microfarmers, and a school curriculum for growing algae. Over the past 40 years, worldwide algae companies have produced high value food and feed products, supplements and nutraceuticals. It is not cultivated in an open pond, but in a controlled greenhouse environment in Germany by a team of microfagms trained biologists. AlgaEnergy, a Spanish biotechnology albae specializing in the production and commercial applications of microalgae, and Yokogawa Electric Corporation, a leading provide Local food production avoids costs of transportation fuels and multi-level distribution along the value chain in the current food system.