Start your review of Night The Night Trilogy 1 Write a review Shelves: favorites , what-teens-should-be-reading , history , all-the-feels , holocaust , broke-me The author, who is actually in the above picture, said it best in the forward; Only those who experienced Auschwitz know what it was. I think we can all agree with that. But can we, the reader, even understand what happened there? Can modern men and women comprehend that cursed universe?
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Elie Wiesel , Romanian Elie Wiesel was born on September 30, , in Sighet, a small town in Transylvania that was then part of Romania but became part of Hungary in His father, Shlomo, a shopkeeper, was very involved with the Jewish community, which was confined to the Jewish section of town, called the shtetl.
As a child and teenager, Wiesel distinguished himself in the study of traditional Jewish texts: the Torah the first five books of the Old Testament , the Talmud codified oral law , and even—unusual for someone so young—the mystical texts of the Kabbalah.
Until , the Jews of Hungary were relatively sheltered from the catastrophe that was descimating the Jewish communities in other parts of Europe. The country soon implemented a set of laws—including the infamous Nuremberg Laws of —designed to dehumanize German Jews and subject them to violence and prejudice. By the time the Allies defeated Germany in , the Final Solution had resulted in the largest act of genocide known to the world.
Six million European Jews had been murdered, along with millions of Gypsies, homosexuals, and others whom the Nazis considered undesirable.
The greatest numbers of victims were killed in concentration camps, in which Jews—and other enemies of Germany—were gathered, imprisoned, forced into labor, and, when they could no longer be of use to their captors, annihilated. In addition to the slaughter at the camps, millions of soldiers were killed in battle.
While anti-Jewish legislation was a common phenomenon in Hungary, the Holocaust itself did not reach Hungary until In March of , however, the German army occupied Hungary, installing a puppet government a regime that depends not on the support of its citizenry but on the support of a foreign government under Nazi control.
The Nazis operated with remarkable speed: in the spring of , the Hungarian Jewish community, the only remaining large Jewish community in continental Europe, was deported to concentration camps in Germany and Poland. Eventually, the Nazis murdered , Hungarian Jews, the overwhelming majority of the prewar Jewish population in Hungary. In May of , when Wiesel was fifteen, his family and many inhabitants of the Sighet shtetl were deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland.
The largest and deadliest of the camps, Auschwitz was the site of more than 1,, Jewish deaths. Wiesel himself survived and emigrated to France. In , he condensed his work and translated it from its original Yiddish into French, publishing it under the title La Nuit.
Although publishers were initially hesitant to embrace Night, believing that audiences would not be interested in such pessimistic subject matter, the memoir now stands as one of the most widely read and taught accounts of the Holocaust. From a literary point of view, it paved the way for many other stories and memoirs published in the second half of the twentieth century. In , Wiesel became an American citizen. In , for his humanitarian work, Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Kniha: Noc – Elie Wiesel
Dodye was active and trusted within the community. Wiesel has said his father represented reason, while his mother Sarah promoted faith. Beatrice and Hilda survived the war, and were re-united with Wiesel at a French orphanage. Tzipora, Shlomo, and Sarah did not survive the Holocaust. Imprisoned and orphaned during the Holocaust[ edit ] Buchenwald concentration camp , photo taken April 16, , five days after liberation of the camp. Wiesel is in the second row from the bottom, seventh from the left, next to the bunk post. In May , the Hungarian authorities, under German pressure, began to deport the Jewish community to the Auschwitz concentration camp , where up to 90 percent of the people were killed on arrival.